AskDefine | Define malleability

Dictionary Definition

malleability n : the property of being physically malleable; the property of something that can be worked or hammered or shaped under pressure without breaking [syn: plasticity] [ant: unmalleability]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Noun

  1. The quality or state of being malleable.
  2. The property by virtue of which a material can be extended in all directions without rupture by the application of load

Translations

the quality or state of being malleable
  • Romanian: maleabilitate

References

Extensive Definition

For malleability in cryptography, see malleability (cryptography).
Malleability is a mechanical property of matter, but is most commonly used in reference to metals and metalloids. A malleable metal is capable of being flattened into thin sheets without cracking by the processes of hammering or rolling. This property is important in metalworking, as materials that crack or break under pressure cannot be hammered or rolled. Malleable materials can be formed using stamping or pressing, whereas brittle metals and plastics must be molded.
Malleability occurs as a result of the specific type of bond found in metallic (Main article: metallic bond). In metallic bonds, valence shell electrons are delocalized and shared between many atoms. This is often referred to as the "sea of electrons" and is responsible for many properties of metal. The delocalized electrons allow metal atoms to slide past one another without being subjected to strong repulsive forces that would cause other materials to shatter. Gold is the most malleable metal, followed by aluminium. Many plastics, and amorphous solids such as Play-Doh are also malleable.
malleability in Arabic: قابلة للطرق
malleability in Catalan: Mal·leabilitat
malleability in German: Verformbarkeit
malleability in Spanish: Maleabilidad
malleability in Persian: چکشخواری
malleability in French: Malléabilité
malleability in Icelandic: Mótanleiki
malleability in Italian: Malleabilità
malleability in Malay (macrolanguage): Kebolehtempaan
malleability in Polish: Kowalność
malleability in Simple English: Malleability
malleability in Urdu: طروقیہ
malleability in Chinese: 延展性
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